is a non-biological form of therapy developed by an American psychologist, Frederic Skinner. Behaviourists believe that people are a product of their life experience, with the ability to control their behaviour and learn new behaviours. Simply put, behaviour modification is used to replace undesirable behaviour with desirable behaviours. It’s the process of altering a person’s reaction to stimuli.
Using behaviour management techniques is considered to be an essential part of any successful treatment program for children with behavioural problems, such as ADHD, oppositional or aggressive behaviour. Many children will have a combination of medication treatment with extended behaviour management is the most effective way to manage ADHD, mood disorders, etc. in children and adolescents.
Parent training and the implementation of classroom behaviour modification techniques are essential in effective child behaviour management methods.
In children and adolescents, the basic principles of behaviour modification are:
– Modeling behaviour by encouraging good behaviour with healthy praise or rewards. This works best if the reward or praise immediately follows the positive behaviour.
– Negatively reinforcing bad behaviour by allowing appropriate consequences to occur naturally.
– The process of behaviour modification is often looked at using the ABCs of behaviour:
A: Antecedent: These are the events, feelings or situations that lead to or trigger the undesired behaviour
B: Behaviour, such as rage or opposing the parent.
C: Consequences are a direct result of the behaviour. If the behaviour is positive, the consequences are likely to be positive, which will reinforce the desired behaviour. Identifying the ABCs of behaviour is the first step in the behaviour modification process.